The bougainvillea is a climbing shrub native to Brazil that adheres to the walls and other plant species with the stingers of its stem. Its scientific name refers to the French explorer Louis Antoine Bougainville, who discovered the species that bears his name in Rio de Janeiro in 1767. The French explorer brought specimens in his boat back to Europe.
Until the 18th century, Spain and Portugal were main naval powers, but they lost control of the seas in favor of Britain and France. Although from Spain some scientific expeditions were organized, especially by initiative of the enlightened king Charles III. The leadership of this kind of exploration was taken by British and French during the eighteenth century, while being confirmed as colonial empires. It was the time of the travels of James Cook in the Pacific and the official discovery of Australia and New Zealand on the British side. It was the first tour around world done by the French Bougainville.
It should however be remembered that the first world tour by ship was done by a Spanish expedition led by Magellan, and then by Elcano. A ring made between 1519 and 1522 that departed from the port of Seville after been planned among these palaces and gardens.